Monday, December 17, 2018

ರೋಮನ್ ಚಕ್ರಾಧಿಪತ್ಯದ ಚರಿತ್ರೆ and ಗಂಡಭೇರುಂಡದ ವಿಕಾಸ

ರೋಮನ್ ಚಕ್ರಾಧಿಪತ್ಯದ ಚರಿತ್ರೆ and ಗಂಡಭೇರುಂಡದ ವಿಕಾಸ
Tenth book in a series of publications (and reprints) in last twenty four months authored originally by S. Srikanta Sastri - This is a combination volume incorporating S. Srikanta Sastri's 1949 Kannada Monograph on Roman Empire and its vicissitudes titled "ರೋಮನ್ ಚಕ್ರಾಧಿಪತ್ಯದ ಚರಿತ್ರೆ" and latest Kannada translation of his authoritative work on the royal insignia of Mysore - 'Gandaberunda'. This had come out originally in English as "Evolution of Gandaberunda" (1941) and is now brought out in Kannada as "ಗಂಡಭೇರುಂಡದ ವಿಕಾಸ". The Credit for the Kannada translation goes to H. M. Nagaraj Rao.

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Friday, October 5, 2018

H. V. Nanjundaiah - A Brief Biography

H. V. Nanjundaiah
Hebbalalu Velpanuru Nanjundaiah was born on 13 October, 1860. His father was Subbaiah and mother was Annapurnamma. The couple had five children – two sons and three daughters and Nanjundaiah was the first of these two sons. Nanjundaiah studied at Wesleyan Mission High School (Hardwicke High School at present) and later at Madras Christian College. He secured a B. A. degree in 1880. After completing his B. A., he worked briefly as a Sub-Registrar at Kollegal and as a clerk at the Accountant General’s Office at Madras. He did his Bachelor’s Degree in Law (B. L.) in 1883. Two years later, in 1885, H. V. Nanjundaiah was appointed as Munsiff at Nanjanagud, Mysore. The same year, he completed his M. A. as well. Following this, he was appointed as Assistant Commissioner at Hassan, Shimoga and eventually at Mysore. In 1892, he returned to Law as a Sub-Judge at Bangalore Court. The next year, H. V. Nanjundaiah completed his Master’s in Law (M. L.) Degree. In recognition of his academic and legal credentials, the Madras University made him a Fellow of the University in 1895. He was appointed as Under Secretary to the Government of Mysore in 1895. From 1897 onwards, H. V. Nanjundaiah would hold many positions such as Deputy Commissioner of Shimoga, Chief Secretary to Mysore State, Chief Judge of Mysore State and Vice Chancellor of the University of Mysore.

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Tuesday, August 28, 2018

M. H. Krishna - A Brief Biography

M. H. Krishna
Mysore Hatti Krishna Iyengar (M. H. Krishna: 19 August, 1892 - 23 December, 1947) was born in Mysore to parents Ranga Iyengar and Lakshmamma. His father was a Sanskrit scholar and teacher to Nalwadi Krishna Raja Wodeyar during the Maharaja’s younger years. Ranga Iyengar was Chief of Treasury at the Palace. This was a position afforded to a person of high integrity. This person was required to reside in quarters close to the Palace – in accommodations referred to as “Hatti”; hence the inclusion of “Hatti” in the names of all family members! Ranga Iyengars’ ancestors were closely associated with the Mysore Royal family since generations. One such ancestor was Ramaswamy who was Dharma-adhikari in the court of Mummadi Krishna Raja Wodeyar. They were all natives of a region by name Kalale. Ranga Iyengar and Lakshmamma had five boys and M. H. Krishna was the second of these five children.

M. H. Krishna had his initial schooling at ‘Jayacharya Patashala’ followed by a brief tenure at the ‘Wesleyan Mission High School’ where he was a year junior to the doyen of Kannada literature – Masti Venkatesh Iyengar with whom he retained a close friendship for several years to come. Krishna then gained admission to Maharaja College, Mysore in 1911 to pursue his B. A. degree. Here, he was a classmate of noted Kannada writer Talakina Venkanayya and both studied under Denham. His early interest in Cultural Studies, Numismatics, Archaeology, Indian History, Economics and Political Science was evident by this time. By 1917, Krishna secured a M. A. qualification from Madras University.

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Saturday, July 21, 2018

Prof M. Hiriyanna - A Biography

Prof M. Hiriyanna

Mysuru Hiriyanna, was born on 7 May 1871 in Mysore to parents Nanjundaiah and Lakshmidevi.  They belonged to the ‘Uluchukamma’ sub sect of Brahmins – a community which had migrated from Andhra Pradesh centuries ago and included the likes of  Vidyaranya who was the founder of Vijayanagar Empire. They hailed from the hamlet of Barigehalli near Chikkanayakanahalli in Tumkur district. Hiriyanna was the sixth child and his younger brother (eighth child) was M. N. Krishna Rao – who would later go on to become the Diwan  (Acting) of Mysore under HH Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar in 1941.
M. Hiriyanna was formally trained in Sanskrit in Mysore under the tutelage of Perisamy Tirumalacharya (founder of Sadvidya Patashala) and Kashi Sesharama Sastry.   He then went to Madras to complete his B. A. and M. A. at Madras Christian College.

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Sunday, July 8, 2018

'Nolamba Pallavas' by Dr S. Srikanta Sastri

One of the great feudatory families that played a prominent part in the history of Karnataka for a period of three centuries (circa 750 to 1055 A. D.) is that of the Nolamba-Pallavas. This family had important relations with other rulers in South India like the Banas, the Rashtrakutas, the Gangas, the Chalukyas and the Vaidumbas. They started their career under the Western Gangas of Talakad, as governors of the territory called Nolambalige 1,000 which comprised portions of Anantapur (Andhra Pradesh), Chitradurga and Tumkur Districts (Mysore State). Nolambalige 1,000 means the district of Nolambalige consisting of 1000 villages and hamlets. This tract was probably bounded by the east by river Pennar and on the West by the river Hagari. In course of time they acquired more territory until it became a 32,000 district in the beginning of the tenth century. This province of 32,000 covered the districts of Tumkur, Chitradurga and portions of Bellary, Anantapur, Kolar and Bangalore. 

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Sunday, March 25, 2018

"Advaitãcãryas of 12 & 13 Centuries" by Dr S. Srikanta Sastri

In the history of the development of the various Advaitic Schools, the period which witnessed the rise of Visistadvaita and Dvaita is of importance, because it shows the state of the Advaita philosophy and the criticisms provoked by it. The two main schools of Advaita-Vivarana prasthãna and Bhãmati prasthana had already secured adherents throughout India, Vãcaspati had been criticised by the Prakatãrthakãra as a follower of Mandana who had criticised Sankara. Therefore it is important chat we should note the relative chronological position of the various outstanding authors after Sañkara.

Sankara, as I have pointed out elsewhere (1), cannot be placed later than 620 A.D. since he is later than Diñnãga and far earlier than Bhavabhuti-Srikantha (720 A.D.) and was the older contem porary of Dharmakirti. Mr. Kunhan Raja has doubted the testimony of I-tsing as to the date of Bhartrhari and gives evidence to show that Bhartrhari must be assigned to an earlier date probably the 5th century (2). Surésvara, the disciple of Sañkara is earlier than Patrakesari Vidyananda, the disciple of Akalañka (c. 6oo A.D.) (3). Sarvajnãtman can no longer be assumed to be the disciple of Surësvara, as he mentions Dëvèsvara, Dévananda and Sresthãnanda as his guru, parama guru and parãtpara guru (4). Sarvajñätman is later than Vimuktatman, the author of Istasiddhi, who was later than Bhäskara (5). Bhaskariya Vedãntins are mentioned by Prabhäcandra (6), who is a pupil of Akalañka and Vidyananda. Therefore Bhaskara cannot be placed later than the middle of the 7th century. Moreover Sãntiraksita and his disciple KamaIasiIa (740 A.D.) criticise

1. QJMS, 1930. Proc. VIII. Or. Confer. 1935, p. 562.
2. S. K. Iyengar Comm. Vol.
3. An. Bh. Or. Inst., 1931.
4. Prarnãna Laksana, JOR., 1937 Mad. Uni. Journal, 1937
5. lstasiddhi, GOS, p 375
6. Pramëya Kamala Mãrtanda.

I.H.Q., JUNE, 1938

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Tuesday, January 2, 2018

Introduction to YGK's 'Constituent Assembly and Indian Federation' (1940) by Dr S. Srikanta Sastri

It is with great pleasure that I introduce this work of my friend and pupil Mr. Y. G Krishnamurti to the scholars and patriots of our country. In this small but comprehensive work he deals with a topic of great importance for the future of the nation. The wide range of scholarship and the sweep of imagination displayed in this work are sufficient evidence as to his capacity and fitness for the task he has undertaken. Not merely for the concrete suggestions he has put forward but also because of what is implicit, his book deserves earnest consideration. On the foundation of facts and theories he has not advocated, it is possible to build up a theory of government as it ought not to be. He justifiably say with Montesquieu have not drawn my principles from my prejudices but from the nature of things." He thus makes a realistic approach to the problems that confront the nation. There is a type of idealism in our country which tries to mask hard facts with sentiment, and is nothing but wishful thinking, but his idealism is of a purer variety—never suppressing the verities or resorting to terminological in-exactitudes but striving to visualise and realise future possibilities.

He deals with the nature and history of the constituent assemblies and points out the conditions on which their success depends. The questions of representation, minorities, economic and social planning and the defects of the Federation as contemplated in the Government of India Act of 1935, the partial of provincial autonomy are dealt with. Finally he has discussed in the light of the most recent and authoritative discussions on the subject, the problem of Dominion Status and Independence.

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